Ayodhya, a city which is sacred for Hindus because it is believed that the Hindu God Rama was born here has been a subject of dispute for more than two decades now. A city which had witnessed rise and fall of many kingdoms now and then has become a battle ground of political parties since 1992. In the year 1992, Babri Masjid located in Ayodhya was demolished by some right wing Hindu activists. The demolition was carried out because the place where the mosque stood is believed to have been the birth place of Ram Lalla. Bharatiya Janata Party which was no where before the demolition of mosque, suddenly emerged as a strong opposition. The apex leadership of BJP started the movement of Ram Mandir and leveraged it to evolve as a significant player in politics.
Since the demolition of Babri Masjid, till date, BJP and it’s allies have been taking the help of this issue to attract votes. On the contrary, other political parties having Muslim Vote banks have been highlighting the issue to attract the Muslim votes. One question that arises amidst all these scuffle is that any political party which is in power, have they shown their political will to resolve this issue? Is any political standing strongly with their voters on this issue. It has been 26 years since Babri Masjid was demolished. If the political institutions really care about the sentiments of the people, this issue could have been sorted out long time ago. Supreme court’s decision of resolving the issue by mutual agreements is worth welcoming but at the same time a question arises that is it possible to resolve the issue by mutual agreement.
Allahabad High court’s decision which came in 2010 had stated that the disputed land will be divided into 3 parts and each portion of land be given to Ram Lalla, Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Waqf board was not welcomed by Sunni Waqf board which in turn appealed in Supreme Court. The decision of Sunni Waqf board to put up the issue in Supreme Court clearly indicates that it wants more than what was decided by high court. On the other hand the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla will not agree to any decision which curtails the portion of land which was decided by High court.
Negations and agreement on some conclusion can be reached if all the parties are ready to sacrifice on their claims. So, in near future it doesn’t seem to be possible. Since the Supreme Court sighted that it is an issue concerning faith it should be resolved through talks and agreement on a conclusion can only be done by involvement of common masses. If the Ram Mandir issue is resolved through the involvement of common masses, no political party will be able to take the credit or do politics on this issue. As the 2019 lokshabha elections are approaching this issue is again gaining momentum. TV channels have started heated debates. Amid all this the question still remains the same “RAM Mandir a center of Hindu beliefs or political tool for elections”.